WELCOME TO FOUR ON THE FOUR: A BLOG ABOUT JAZZ DRUMMING AND ALL THINGS UNRELATED, BROUGHT TO YOU BY JON McCASLIN

Monday, April 6, 2020

Joe Farnsworth on Billy Higgins and Art Taylor

Joe Farnsworth offers his thoughts on the great Billy Higgins and Art Taylor in what is quickly becoming an ongoing series.

Personally, I consider myself fortunate to have heard many Master drummers play over the years such as Mr. Higgins, Elvin, Tony, Max, Roy, etc. but of course not nearly as frequently as others, such as Farnsworth did. In my humble opinion it's very important to seek out the observations of those devoted musicians who did have the opportunity to witness the Masters in action and interact with them on an on-going basis. For those of us who missed out...they are the link.

Check it out:



And here's the link to Episode Two in which he speaks at great length about his relationship with the great Art Taylor (*sorry folks, the embedding code doesn't seem to work for this one!)

And finally here is Joe's birthday tribute to the late Harold Mabern Jr. who would have celebrated his 84th birthday this March
(*in particular check out the great drums/saxophone duet between between Joe Farnsworth and Vincent Herring on Mabern's signature burner "The Beehive"!):


Thursday, April 2, 2020

Max Roach: The Art of the Drum Solo


A big shout out and thank you to Craig VanDerSchaegen who shared this amazing drum clinic with Max Roach on his blog Practicing Drummer.

If you click here you can also read a full transcript of Roach's masterclass.

Recorded in Saint Paul, MN in 1991, Max shares a lot of wisdom in this rare document:




And since many of us have a lot more time on our hands these days, here's a full-length documentary on Max Roach featuring interviews and performances with his groups:



As per always, when the Masters speak...we listen.





Monday, March 30, 2020

Kenny Washington on Melodic Drumming
















Back in the spring of 2011 I spent some time in New York City, running around the five boroughs, attempting to interview as many jazz drummers as I could for my doctoral research. The topic of my dissertation was melody and the different ways in which jazz drummers deal with melody while playing the drums.

Kenny Washington was gracious enough to offer a very generous amount of his time to answer my questions and discuss the concept of melodic drumming with me. As many can testify, Mr. Washington has an encyclopedic knowledge of jazz and jazz drumming.

Here are some of the highlights from our conversations together:

KENNY WASHINGTON MELODY INTERVIEW HIGHLIGHTS – APRIL 2011

Fundamentally why is it important as a drummer to deal with melody?

Well, the thing about it is...if the drummer doesn't know everything about the piece, then the band doesn't have a chance. The band is finished before they even begin. It's just as important for the drummer to know the melodies and what's happening as anybody else. I say this all the time: A musical drummer is like a traffic cop on a busy street in Manhattan on Friday, rush hour at 5 o’clock at 42nd Street and Broadway. That's what a drummer does, you know. A drummer can make a not-so-good arrangement into something much more than what it really is by his musical imagination and how he thinks about music and harmony.

On drummers singing

First thing is, all the drummers that I have ever known: Philly Joe Jones, Art Blakey, Arthur Taylor, all these cats - they could all sing anything they played. If they played it with a band, they could sing it.

On melodic drumming being a result of the culture of listening

You know, with those guys and with myself, certainly Philly Joe Jones and Art Blakey and all these guys, they were interested in the melody not because they had to be, but because they loved it and because they liked it.

It's like when I was coming up, I had no idea. I didn't know Philly Joe Jones and Arthur Taylor and those guys then. I didn’t meet them until I was like 19 to 20. But when I was kid, as you can see, looking here (points to record collection) I love music. So my whole thing growing up, I listened to the records and I had no idea that that's what I was supposed to do in terms of learning the melodies of these tunes. I played these records over and over again not because I had to or because it was required...it's because I liked it. I loved the way it made me feel.

You know to hear a record of Hank Mobley or certainly a Charlie Parker record or any of the bad guys like Louis Armstrong...all of them. I liked the way that music made me feel and I would listen to the records over and over and over again because I liked it. You see these little knucklehead kids I hear now, they do all that. They can sing and recite all the rap things because they like it.

For me, I like the music. Of course, when you like the kind of music we like, it makes you smart. It puts you into a whole different bag. It puts you into a whole other level of consciousness. There's just something about it. It makes me think, start looking at things very differently from people that listen to other styles passively. Classical music is the same way. Same kind of a thing because you gotta listen to the music from the inside out.

So is that nuance and the phrasing and everything that comes with that, for you, was it just a natural extension of listening?

Well, yes. See I wanted to play like those guys too. I also wanted to play with the same kind of high quality as say, Philly Joe Jones or Art Blakey. Any time you hear Art Blakey or Philly Joe Jones, especially Art Blakey and the Jazz Messengers, when you listen to the way he's playing the ensemble figures with the band, you know that he knows the piece. There's no question about it. He knows every nuance of that piece. Same thing with Philly Joe Jones. These guys were masters of what I call ensemble playing.

Like when you hear Philly Joe Jones, like say on a record like “No Room for Squares” on Blue Note records with Hank Mobley and you hear the way he's playing the accents and the way he is playing the ensemble hits. He's the one that ties everything up in a nice bunch, Philly Joe Jones. The rhythms are there but it's the drummer who ties it into a nice bouquet. He enhances what the composer has written.

Can you elaborate more on how that translates into the technical side of things? Like an example of maybe something that he would do?

For example a match made in Heaven is Art Blakey playing any of Horace Silver's music. If you listen to a Horace's piece “Ecaroh”, which is Horace spelled backwards, you hear him playing the same accents as the horn players. He's playing the same rhythms and he knows how to play what I call the “do’s and the dots”, in other words, the long notes and the short notes.

So the idea of articulation...

So you know, if the note is like a quarter note followed by an 8th rest, then an 8th note tied to a half-note, now that quarter note is going to be short or it could be a fat quarter note. So that first quarter note, they wouldn't play that on the ride cymbal, because the ride cymbal is going to ring. So it all depends upon the articulation of what the horns are playing. It could be a staccato or it could be a fat quarter note. If it was something that was real short, that first quarter note would be like say a stick shot. Say if the ensemble or the two-horn frontline or the piano was playing just a little bit fatter than that, or as I call it a fat quarter note. He'd play that quarter note on the snare drum because it's still going to be short. And then the next one, you have the 8th rest and you have the 8th note tied to the half-note. The next part, that's going to be a longer note, it's going to be a longer sound. Because the snare drum is short it doesn't sustain but the ride cymbal does. Now that's going to ring. Short, long...

Many people would associated that idea of articulating figures with big band drumming

It's all the same. As a drummer, the only difference is you're responsible for more players. Like playing with Bill Charlp. It's a piano trio but everything in the orchestra is in the piano. The piano is the orchestra. You could take any of those arrangements and you could write them for a big band the same way but see the rhythm, the rhythm, it's all the same, you know. You could have the brass doing that short – long concept and you'd still play it the same way. The difference is, if it's with the whole brass section or with the whole band, you might play it a little bit louder. Still short – long, it’s still the same thing. It's just how it's played but usually it's the same thing.

So would you say that in the context of approaching the drums melodically that it's not just enough to play a rhythm but it's just as much, or maybe more so, how you play it?

Yes, it’s how you play it, absolutely. The execution and how you think of these things, you know, it's like for all the great drummers, I mean, you know, I've been around the scene for over 30 years and in the last 30 years I got a chance to hang with just about all the bad asses, man, you know....Philly Joe Jones and Art Blakey and you know what? They were all....Billy Higgins too, they all were the same, you know. Their thought was: what I can do to make this band sound better?

They felt that that was their responsibility. What can I do to make the band sound better? It's not about you as a drummer. It's about the band. You have to play certain things. You might do this, you might not do that. It’s what the band needs. You might not necessarily want to play that but the band needs it. Maybe it’s to keep it together time- wise or to enhance this melody.

I certainly do it. I always think about: What can I do to make this band sound the best that it can sound? You have somebody present you with an arrangement and I'm sitting up there and I'll play their arrangement the first time around.

For me, it's like an interior decorator coming to your house. Because the first time he comes to your house, he doesn't necessarily come with his tools. He is walking around. So he walks in the mudroom and he says:

"Man, this room is kinda small but with that sofa, it even makes it look smaller. We'll get rid of this sofa, we'll put this someplace else and we'll change the color of the room and we'll make this white that it will appear bigger than what it really is."

I am doing the same thing when I am playing one of these arrangements. And chances are, they still don't write good drum parts! Even with all the advances, the guys still don't write good drum parts. So you have to be using your ears all the time.

So when I am playing something for the first time and I hear something I ask myself: should I enhance this part, or I should play this rhythm? I might ask questions but most guys I have ever worked with, they don't really say too much. They depend upon you to do that. You could ask them questions and a lot of times, you know, they look at you like a deer in the headlight. You ask them: "Well man, do you want this part like this or you want it like this, or you want it like"... and then they say: "Why I dunno, you'll come up with something!" You have to be thinking all the time and you have to figure this stuff out quick.

And what you do and how you react is all based on your experience?

Exactly. For me, it's by association. When I say by association, it’s because I might've heard somebody else do this. My whole concept of playing long and short notes comes from listening to Ed Thigpen and Philly Joe Jones. In a trio situation he knew all the music and could sing all the parts. He knew all the Oscar Peterson arrangements and he could sing all those parts. He could sing all the arrangements. If a drummer can't sing the arrangements, the band is finished, man, flush it down the toilet, it's over. He has to know just as much about that arrangement as everybody else in the band. If he doesn't, it's over. I don't care who's in the band but the drummer has to know everything, he has to know everything about the piece.

You mentioned a few drummers the other night that knew all the lyrics to the songs they were playing. How significant is that?

I'm not saying that you have to know every lyric, but these tunes, you have to know what the composer was trying to express in song. If the drummer doesn't know what the tune is trying to say or what it expresses, he's just tapping on the drums. Take Roy Haynes, for example, he can recite lyrics for you. Of course, he worked with Sarah Vaughan also but he was into that, even before he was with Sarah Vaughan.

Arthur Taylor could, Philly Joe Jones could and I knew these guys. And it comes from listening to Nat King Cole, Billy Eckstine, Ella Fitzgerald and certainly Louis Armstrong and Billie Holiday, Frank Sinatra, Sarah Vaughan, all these people, you know.

But for me, it's because I liked it, man. As a kid, I liked the music. So I'd play it over and over. I played these records over and over again. I've picked every one of them apart almost. I've picked every one of them apart. I know what makes them tick, why they play that, how they play that. And at the same time, I'm listening to how they play with these ensembles.

Kenny on his method to teaching this:

What I do for my drum students is I will give them play-alongs. There is no drummer on there so there's no way that they can cheat. I have a whole of disk of things, from Nat King Cole and Oscar Peterson before Ed Thigpen joined. There's a bunch of records like that and so when they get to the point when technically they're together, then that's my favorite time to teach. That's my favorite aspect of teaching. What's in your head? When you're playing in a band, what are you thinking about? And so what I'll do is like I'll give them a couple of tunes and I say: OK, go home and learn these. Live with them for a while. So they might even call me: "but what did you want me to play? I say: "I don't know, you have to figure that out. See, figure it out and bring it back and we'll see what you do". Because I'm curious as to how they are hearing this piece. What goes on in there? You know, what are you thinking? And they come back and you know, and like for example, it's like the Ahmad Jamal thing without drums on “Don't Blame Me”. See, so they'll start, you know...now I imagine the top part of the piano and then there's a couple of rhythmic breaks with the guitar and they are banging the hell out of the drums and I'd stop them right there. I'd go through each one of these little pieces...What part of the piano is he playing in? And they look at me like “what?” What part of the piano is Ahmad playing in? And some of them don't even know. I say: "He's playing up at the top part of the piano". Now as loud as you're playing, people will never hear that melody because the piano may or may not project as if you are in the middle or at the bottom of the piano. So they're banging the hell out of them and I say: no one can hear that. No one can hear what the tune is gonna be, or you're gonna put some fill on there that completely swallows up the melody.

So go through each one of these pieces, each bar. Then I tell them to sing that for me...and some of them, you know, the way they sing it might be stiff. I'd say if you sing it like it's stiff, you're gonna play it stiff like that. So that makes them aware of what they're listening to. This will help you to listen to what I call the music from the “inside out.” So I don't care if you're listening to Charlie Parker, Louis Armstrong, Igor Stravinsky, or Lady Gaga, whatever it is, you can listen to that music and listen to it from the inside out and hear everything from the roots all the way to the top to the tree.

But for me, it was making the association, you know. Listening to Ed Thigpen play with Oscar Peterson's trio and to see how the trio was a unit and the way they play together...but it's the drummer that puts it all together. He's the one that really puts the thing together. And when he is playing and thinking the same way and playing those notes long or short like the rest of the trio, it's really something. I mean, that's the hand in glove.

On the similar musical approaches of various drummers

If all these drummers I mentioned just came in to play, even though they play outrageously different from the rest, there's a certain formula that they all go by. It’s what I call the “do’s and the dots”, the long notes and the short notes, how to phrase these rhythms. How they use the bass drum and the ride cymbal, you know. Cymbals are long notes. The bass drum puts the punctuation in there. The left hand can be short note, I mean, all these stick shots. They knew all that kind of stuff. And while they all play different, you hear that there are things that are the same when it comes to phrasing even though rhythmically they play different and they have different drum sounds. You know, certain things are common denominators. They all do the same things. It's because they all understand that whole thing...and it comes from the big band tradition. But for me, it is by association, listening to those guys. Listening to how they play, how they do different things, you know. Shelly Manne, now he plays differently from Philly Joe, you know. Mel Lewis, Jimmy Cobb, they all play different but, but in a lot of ways, they do things the same. They are all following the same formula.

So I listen to all these guys and I want to play like them. So I try to copy them as much as possible. I copied all of them, man. I listened to every one of them and I was able to grab something from each one of them. Each one of them has something to say. It's like going to all-you-can-eat buffet thing. Oh, I'll take a little bit of that...oh, I'll have some of that too. Oh yeah, I'll take of that. I'll come back for that for seconds. Yeah, oh, I'll have some of that too, you know. It’s the same kind of thing. So by association, as I've said, from listening to these other guys play ensemble figures like that, I can pick and choose.

How does that idea of articulation translate into being a timekeeper or comping?

It's the conversation between yourself, the drummer, and the horn player. Every horn player, piano player or bass player plays rhythmically different. And you have to sit up there and check them out. You're accompanying them. It's the most important thing, man. You're comping. The piano player comps, the drummer comps. So now with your left hand, you're comping. You have to pay attention to how the piano player is comping, you know, so that you're not strangling the changes. Sometimes, some piano players just comp too much, they're all over the place. So, in a situation like that, you have to hear that immediately...you are going to back up with your left hand, play a little bit less.

And it’s the same thing with horn players. They are all rhythmically different but it's a conversation between your limbs rhythmically and what this horn player has to say...He's telling a story, so it's a conversation. So, they all have different conversations and different sounds so you have to blend in with what they're doing. In order to do that, you have to know something about harmony.

But I did it not knowing that stuff man. I grew up listening to all these records and I could sing all the solos on the records. Charlie Parker, you know, all these records. I remember Duke Pearson and I listened to Duke Pearson's “Sweet Honeybee” record. That tune, “Big Bertha” with Joe Henderson, Freddie Hubbard and James Spaulding. You know, I could sing all their solos. I could play air drums and play the same rhythms and everything that Mickey Roker was playing. I could sing the bass lines. When you do that, then that's when you start figuring it out. It wasn't until later that I knew what a bridge was but you start knowing what the form of a tune is, AABA form or whatever it is and if there's going to be a tag on the end.

And so you start thinking along musical lines so while this horn player is playing, you're hearing the changes in your head and you're hearing how he's approaching the changes. Because you've listened to enough music that you know what's going on. You can tell the cat's not playing the changes, you know, which happens a lot of times, nowadays – “skinny dipping”, as I call it. “Skinny dipping” means he's just playing dumb chromatics and he's just BS'ing. And then there's these guys that scuba dive. In other words, if you're scuba diving, you’re going all the way down. You can tell the difference between the guys if you're really into music, if you're listening to music for a long time, you can tell who's really playing the changes and who's jiving. But that comes from listening to a lot of music, man.

Let's talk about the idea of melodic phrasing in terms of drum solos and improvising on the drums

Well, the thing is about Max Roach. Max is the guy, man. He just turned it totally around, completely. Sure there were guys before him that made the band aware that the drummer is a musician and respected the drummer. Before Max, there was Chick Webb...if you talk about ensembles, he wrote the book on all that stuff. Like using different colors and parts of the drum set. For example, there's a record, called “Spinning the Web and it's got a lot of the things that he's featured on. And you can hear, for example he switches and plays wood blocks behind the piano, then when you get to the trumpet solo, he switches back to the hi-hat...or there's one part like where there the ensemble comes in and he switches to the chinese cymbals and he bears down. You can hear the sound textures that depend upon what was happening in the band. So even he was doing that back then.

And then, of course, you know, all these guys: Papa Joe Jones and Big Sid Catlett...Big Sid Catlett was also one of these guys that played very, very melodic solos and would play the form of the tune.

What would you consider to be examples of drumming or drummers that would be non-melodic?

Well, I don't know, man. I mean, all the guys that I like to listen to one way or another, you know there's always some kind of motif that they always played. They are always playing music. No matter what you gave them, they were going to play music. All the great drummers, like I said before, all the great drummers, they just couldn't help themselves, man. I mean...it's inherent in the music.

You know, if a good drummer is playing time he's still thinking of the sound. He’s not just thinking of the rhythm, he's thinking about the sound, how he approaches the ride cymbal and the dynamic level. At least all the guys I know, the guys that can really play, they just can't help themselves when it comes to playing music.

On Max Roach

Max Roach, even more so than Kenny Clarke, is really the guy that revolutionized the whole thing because what Max did...well, Sid Catlett was on the way to doing it and certainly Jo Jones did as well, but Max took it to the next level. Those early drum solos were very rudimentary but that's not a putdown at all make no mistake about it.

But what Max did was he approached the drums the same way Dizzy Gillespie and Charlie Parker would approach their instruments. He took melodic lines and the rhythms of Monk, Bud, Bird and Diz and he applied them to the drums. But the problem is that you have to devise a different way of sticking patterns to make it work, which he did.

Big Sid and some of the other guys, they would mix and match rudiments. He's the first guy to turn all the beboppers on to the Wilcoxon book and I believe he got that from Cozy Cole because he took some lessons from Cozy Cole in midtown Manhattan. And Cozy, like all the early swing drummers, were friends of Wilcoxon. You know, all those guys, like Buddy Rich, Gene Krupa, Louie Bellson and when they would come anywhere near Cleveland, Ohio Wilcoxon would go see them and they would hang out. They would hang out and exchange ideas. See, he was a legit snare drummer. He wasn't a jazz drummer per se. From what they tell me, he could play the hell out the snare drum. But he liked swing music and I figure maybe that's what he really wanted to do.

So he admired Gene Krupa and all these different people and they would hang out and they would exchange these different ideas. Philly Joe used to camp out at his house and study with him. And they tell me that later on, with tears in his eyes, Wilcoxon said that he never thought that his stuff would get this far, how it was taken to the next level. That book was advanced for its time.

And Max Roach took different ideas out of that book. Max was a very good swing drummer too. I mean, you hear him in Benny Carter's band and he sounds like a very good swing drummer but you can't tell it's him.

But he's the first guy, even though guys were doing it before him, he's really the guy that took to the next level you know. If he played a couple of choruses and after a couple of choruses, if he brought the band back in and you turned the beat around and you weren't there on time, he'd want to fight! And rightfully so, because his whole thing is "Well, man I have been accompanying you. Give me the respect by listening to what I'm doing".

And it's still a problem today. It seems like when a drum solo is being played, guys on the bandstand are looking at chicks, thinking about what they're gonna do after the gig. I mean, you come back in and Bam! They're wrong. No matter how melodic you try to play it. There are still horn players that still don't understand drum solos too, quiet as it is kept, you know. But, but a lot of time it's because they're not paying attention, but Max Roach would fight. I mean literally.

I asked him one time about some of these records especially the band with Booker Little...and even the tuba band with Ray Draper...some of those records, he would have a bass player playing while he was soloing. So I asked him one day: "Max, how did you come up with that? What made you start doing that?" And he just looked at me and he said: "Look, man, I want somebody to accompany me for a change, man. I'm always the one who's accompanying others. Why should everybody lay out when there's a drum solo?" It’s funny the way he said it. He said: "Look, I've been accompanying everybody, how about somebody accompanying me for a change."

Max was coming from a whole different situation where he wanted drum solos to be taken seriously. You couldn't say to Max “Hey a band is made up of four musicians and a drummer.” He'd get up and knock you out! He didn't even like for the drums to be called a drum set or a “Trap” set. The man would go off. To him it was “multiple percussion”. And he's right. As great as some of the other early drummers were, he wanted to take the amusement out of the whole thing. I mean, Max had a bit of showmanship in him also but he made it very, very serious. There wasn't entertainment value in it strictly speaking. There is a form of entertainment there but not like Gene Krupa's entertainment. Or like some of the other guys like Lionel Hampton, you know, twirling his sticks around and that kind of a thing. It's much more serious, you know.

How did Max influence you in terms of how you organize your ideas when you're soloing?

What he didn't play was just as important as what he did play Max is like a colossal influence on me right down to the tuning of my drums.

Do you think that higher tuning brings out the melodic aspects of playing the drums?

Yeah. But he's not the first to do it. Ray McKinley had done things like that but in a different kind of way. But Max took a lot of time in getting each drum to sound right and getting each component of the drums to sound they way it sounded, with a nice full sound. He put a lot of time into that, to make sure that the instrument sounded the way it was supposed to sound, you know I mean he's thinking like a horn player. The lines and things he plays it's like he's playing are like rhythmic ideas, like Charlie Parker, Dizzy Gillespie. He just adapted it to the drums along with the formula to how to do it.

But he was also steeped in the tradition and steeped in the rudiments. He would mix and match rudiments, like paradiddle-diddle stickings and mixing and matching rudiments, putting different rudiments together...The cat was a genius, man. I mean he turned it around for everybody.

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Want some more?

- Here's a great interview from a while back with Kenny Washington and Paul Wells from a 2015 Modern Drummer magazine feature

- And a few good ones featuring Kenny and his nice Canopus drums:










Thursday, March 26, 2020

Steve Langone: Advanced Rhythmic Concepts for the Modern Drummer











I've been following Steve Langone via social media (Facebook, Instagram, etc.) and from his YouTube channel for some time now and I've always been very impressed with the content he consistently offers.

Steve is the author of three important self-published drum books: Advanced Rhythmic Concepts for the Modern Drummer, Volumes 1-3.

He was also very kind enough to take time out of his busy schedule to answer a few questions about his books.

Steve Langone - The Four on the Floor Interview
"Advanced Rhythmic Concepts for The Modern Drummer"
March 2020

1) Tell us all about your books! What are they all about and what are the goals of your texts?

I have written three books, Advanced Rhythmic Concepts for the Modern Drummer: Volumes 1-3.

All the books are set up into two basic parts. One part has a series of “Grids”. The other part lists “Ways”of playing the “Grids”. So “Grids” and “Ways”.

A “Grid”is made up of a subdivision with different accents highlighting a polyrhythmic metric modulation. I have written in Konnakol syllables and recommend using pitch with your voice to mark the modulated time which I also call the secondary pulse. The subdivisions I use are eight notes, eighth note triplets and quarter note triplets.

The “Ways” of playing the “Grids” include Rudimental stickings, time ostinatos and orchestrations.

The purpose of my book is to help develop a stronger pulse and sense of time, independence, developing your ear using Konnakol and to develop chops and control using accents, subdivisions and groupings of rhythms. Singing the Konnakol is very useful. To open up your mind rhythmically.

A shorter answer is....

I combined my studies with Alan Dawson using Ted Reeds Syncopation book with odd groupings of triplets and eighth notes, using Konnakol syllables.

2) What was the motivation and inspiration for putting together your method?

My inspiration for writing my books was to help me become more familiar with and have more rhythmic control...control over different groupings of subdivision etc. and to strengthen my ability overall to be a better musician. Also to get my self to sing the Konnakol syllables on a regular basis with exercises that I was familiar with.

I wanted to work more on my pulse and having control over my quarter note. I also played (and still play) in bands that required me to be familiar with grouping of triplets, sixteenths and eighth notes in different ways.

Drummers and musicians that influenced me greatly in writing these books are Bill Stewart, Dan Weiss, Eric Harland, Miguel Zenon, Henry Cole, Antonio Sanchez, Danny Carey, Trilok Gurtu, Anika Niles, Dafnis Prieto, Vinnie Colaiuta, Tony Williams and Elvin Jones.

3) How does your book differ from other drum set method books currently on the market? What makes them unique?

My book differs from other books because I am using familiar rudimental and jazz exercises, but with different groupings of subdivisions and the use of Konnakol syllables.

I know this is a lot to explain, but once you go through a few “Grids”, you then can apply the rhythms you learn to the Ted Reed syncopation book. So my books stand on their own. You could spend years with one book, but you can also apply the concepts to the syncopation book. And the ultimate goal is to have freedom rhythmically and to be able to play what you hear, and play music. Again, the singing of the syllables helps a lot.

4) How do you recommend students and teachers approach working through your materials?

How I recommend teachers and students work through my books is to go slow and start with the basic rudiment sections which are the first sections listed in the books. I would also recommend when going through the time exercises to start with plain quarter notes on the cymbal and not play the standard jazz pattern. I would also recommend that the student or teacher play the exercises from the beginning of the measure and just add one note at a time sequentially. I would also recommend singing using the Konnakol syllables and the standard ways of counting triplets. Working on both ways of singing is helpful. I would also recommend if you’re interested in checking out my YouTube channel where I have demonstrated many of the grades and will continue to demonstrate them.

I humbly recommend not to make my books as the only thing a teacher or student practices or studies. I recommend studying my material for no more than a half hour per practice. Spend your time on learning tunes or different musical feels forms, etc. My books are more geared towards rudiments, independence, developing pulse and control, chops and phrasing in different ways.

5) What are some of the challenges of putting together a drum method book? What advice do you have for anybody potentially interested in publishing their own book?

I could not have put these books together without the help of my friend, musician, composer, teacher, saxophonist extraordinaire Jim Repa. I went to him with my sketches, my papers, my thoughts and my ideas every week for about a year. We actually had a mega book, then we edited it down. It was extremely helpful to have a friend who is super knowledgeable and fast with computers. We were a team, or I should say we are a team. During the writing of this book I had to practice my ideas on the drums and then brought them to Jim and he was able to get them in the computer very quickly using Sibelius. Once the book was complete and in Sibelius and the text was in Word, it was very easy to use Create Space to self publish. Create Space switched to Amazon and now it is called KDP (Kindle Direct Publishing) which publishes my books in paperback and digital formats. Volume three is not available in digital format yet, only in paperback.

My books are sold and printed on demand. That means you can order my book in the UK, throughout Europe and in North America and South America, even in Asia, and the book should get to you within 10 days to two weeks depending on where you are. It is pretty amazing. The downside of self publishing is that I am my own promotion machine and I rely on social media and word-of-mouth to sell my books. It did get a good review in Modern Drummer magazine and has been endorsed by Antonio Sanchez, John Ramsay (former head of the Berklee College of Music Percussion departmen) and many other drummers and non-drummers.

My advice is: if you have an idea for a book, go for it! It’s a great learning experience. It’s very time consuming but it’s rewarding. You learn a lot about yourself and about expressing your ideas. It’s great to have something in print that you can refer to, build upon, pass along and look back on. I highly recommend it.

Here are a few examples featuring ideas from the books:








To learn more about Steve, his series of books and what he's up to these days, check out his website: www.stevelangone.com


Monday, March 23, 2020

The Monday Morning Paradiddle - March 2020














Well, these are interesting times indeed. Hope you are all coping with the recent developments of our crazy world and taking the necessary precautions to keep yourself and your loved ones safe and healthy.

In the meantime, I am home, like many others, and trying to make the best of the situation. Between trying to maintain a sense of normalcy and routine around the house (and somehow trying be a productive jazz drummer between practicing, writing some new music and generally trying to keep a positive connection with the on-line community) I will continue blogging as frequently as possible for the foreseeable future. I hope that whatever I can share with you might help ease the tension and give us something to enjoy, contemplate and inspire us to keep on going...

I would love to hear from you. Please drop me a line at: fouronthefloorblog@gmail.com if you have any questions, comments or feedback.

Anyhow, here it is, from the desks of Four on the Floor world headquarters (freshly sanitized I might add...) here's what we've got for you this Monday morning:

- Roy Haynes is the hippest, the coolest and the baddest dude in the universe. He recently turned 95 years young (!) and was featured in this Take Five series from WBGO.

Ted Panken also offers an article and four interviews with Roy Haynes from his archives on his blog Today is the Question (thank you Ted!)
















- An older one from 2010 but because he's got a cool, brand new book coming out on post-bop jazz drumming published by Hudson Music, here's the great Mike Clark interviewed on George Colligan's awesome but sadly dormant blog Jazz Truth.



















- A feature on Joe Morello and the infamous Gretsch Drum Night at Birdland from Jazz Profiles

- Discussions in Percussion podcast interviews Charles Ruggiero

- Johnathan Blake interviewed by the Drummer's Resource Podcast

(also check out Blake's great drumming on Kenny Barron's latest trio record with Dave Holland!)

- Looking for something to practice? Jay Ware offers this Spotify compilation playlist of drummerless albums to play-a-long with via the Facebook (thanks Jay!) There is lots of great music here to practice with so plug in your headphones and hit the shed!

*Ed Stalling also offered this fine list of drummerless piano trio records to play-a-long with as well (thanks Ed!)









Brushes! Brushes! Brushes!

- Speaking of playlists, Toronto's Nick Fraser also offers this Spotify compilation of great brush recordings to check out (thanks Nick!)

- Stanton Moore on his favourite brush recordings via JazzTimes Magazine

- And of course our friend Ted Warren never disappoints when he offers us one of his many clever and inventive brush patterns over at his blog Trap'd.

These are always really amazing and, in my opinion, really expanding the vocabulary and possibilities of modern brush playing.

- Here's Dan Weiss (one the hardest working drummers you'll ever find...) interviewed over at the Drumeo Gab podcast...and a short clip of Weiss jamming in a basketball court (awesome!):



- Todd Bishop over at his fine and always informative blog Cruiseship Drummer (there's never a lack of good things to learn, .pdf's and loops to download and exercises to practice here!) shares this interview with the ever wise Billy Hart from Modern Drummer magazine circa. 1994

And in case we needed a reminder...



- John Riley and Zildjian's Paul Francis talk about and demonstrate Joe Morello's ride cymbal, used on the iconic Dave Brubeck recording Take Five. Not only do they talk about what makes this cymbal unique, they also demonstrate a replication (clone?) of this special cymbal. Impressive!



- Jeff Hamilton on his Mapex Black Panther drums:



- And...Brian Blade on his Canopus drums!



- Allison Miller offers this drum lesson, featuring a useful paradiddle-variation sticking pattern:



- A brief but older clip of Terry Clarke with the Toshiko Akiyoshi big band:



- Jason Tiemann interviewed by Neon Jazz on the heels of his latest release, T-Man:



- Another excerpt from Jason Marsalis' solo drum performance last December with a "meditation" for mallets:



- The Terence Blanchard/Donald Harrison Quintet was a very important band that, in my opinion, really epitomized the 1980s straight-ahead jazz sound. Surprisingly, not enough people are aware of this important group.

Here's this smoking band in action with the great Carl Allen at the helm:



- What am I listening to these days?

(well, given the circumstances...alot actually!)

Kenny Clarke, Andrew Cyrille, Milford Graves & Famoudou Don Moye "Pieces of Time"

Dave Holland Sextet "Pass it On" - Eric Harland (drums)

Chad Taylor "Myths & Morals" - Chad Taylor (drums)

Joe Farnsworth "My Heroes" - Joe Farnsworth (drums)

Milt Jackson "Mostly Duke" - Mickey Roker (drums)

Hank Jones "The Essence" - Billy Higgins (drums)

P.J. Perry "Worth Waiting For" - Victor Lewis (drums)

The Redline Trio "Redline Trio featuring Steve Hudson" - Jeff Sulima (drums)

Dennis Kwok "Winward Bound" - Jacob Wutzke (drums)


- And today's Final Word goes to Mr.Rogers:

"All of us, at some time or another, need help...that's one of the things that connects us as neighbours. In our own way, each one of us is a giver and a receiver."

- Fred Rogers

(thanks to Mark Micklethwaite for sharing this via the Facebook)



Be safe everyone!



Friday, March 20, 2020

Abbey Rader: Get Free













Abbey Rader is an accomplished and very unique avant-garde free jazz drummer that I only recently discovered via his duo work with saxophonist Dave Liebman. 

Here's brief piece on him from his Wikipedia entry:

Abbey Rader (October 14, 1943) is an American avant-garde jazz drummer. Throughout his childhood and early career, he worked in New York City where loft jazz, bebop, and free jazz influenced him. He played and taught across Europe in the 1970s and 1980s and then returned to North America to create music that combines free jazz, martial arts, and Buddhism. He has recorded over twenty-five albums as a leader and has worked with Dave Liebman, John Handy, Billy Bang, Dr. L. Subramaniam, and Mal Waldron in a career spanning over four decades.

Rader was also featured in this 2014 short film by Jorge Rubiera entitled Get Free. Check it out (lots of wisdom here!):


Abbey Rader Get Free from Jorge Rubiera on Vimeo.

And here's a bonus feature from the nice people over at the Avedis Zildjian Cymbal Company:



And...one more for the road:




Wednesday, March 18, 2020

THE DRUMMER






















A big shout out to Joseph Mintz who shared this hip (but brief!) little gem:


THE DRUMMER from PODENCO on Vimeo.

Monday, March 16, 2020

Interview with Billy Drummond















A big special thanks to Steve Langone who took the time to produce this wonderful five-part interview series with one of my all-time favourite drum heroes, the great Billy Drummond.

Billy's always been a favourite of mine and there is lots of great wisdom to be found here.

Check it out:












As per usual, when the Masters speak...we listen!



Monday, March 9, 2020

Mike Clark!



















Thanks to writer Ken Micallef for putting together and sharing this awesome series featuring the drumming and wisdom of the great Mike Clark.

Here's the series trailer featuring some great drumming from Clark:



And here's the five-part series in which Clark speaks on a number of subjects...











And dig this:

Mike has a new book coming very soon on the subject post-bop jazz drumming, published by Hudson Music.

Mike knows this subject well...because he's lived it!

Here's the teaser trailer:



Order your copy today. I did and looking forward to checking this out!

Thursday, March 5, 2020

The Return of the Joe Farnsworth vs. Kenny Washington Drum Battle



Drummers Joe Farnsworth and Kenny Washington recently returned to New York City's Smoke Jazz Club to engage in yet another "percussion discussion" of epic proportions. Recalling the classic drum battles of past (most notably the infamous Gretsch Drum Night at Birdland featuring Art Blakey, Philly Joe Jones, Elvin Jones and Charli Persip, among many others) these two drummers celebrate the brotherhood of drumming while also engaging in a little friendly competition as well.

Fortunately for us one patron who was sitting at the bar was keen enough to capture several angles of footage of these two Master drummers in action. Enjoy!







Monday, March 2, 2020

Kendrick Scott EVOLve












Another very creative solo drum performance from Kendrick Scott featuring his Sunhouse Sensory Percussion set-up, all set to the words of Kyodo Williams.

Thursday, February 27, 2020

Alvin Queen "Ashanti"















Alvin Queen recently shared this solo drum track on his Facebook page from his 1981 album of the same name and I think it is amazing!



I had the pleasure of hearing Alvin Queen play with Oscar Peterson in New York City at Birdland in 2004 (it was, in fact, the only occasion in which I heard Peterson play live...)

The set started with Queen entering the stage and starting off the set by himself with a spectacular drum solo, launching into a powerful 2nd Line groove. Bassist Niels-Henning ├śrsted Pedersen and guitarist Ulf Wakenius then joined him on stage, setting up a hard swinging groove while Peterson was wheeled over to the piano in his wheelchair. The quartet then launched into some of the most joyous music I've ever heard...



Monday, February 24, 2020

The Monday Morning Paradiddle - February 2020














Somebody recently asked me: "Jon, what IS a Monday Morning Paradiddle anyways???"

Well, that's a very good question!

(Do other rudiments get their own day of the week too?)

I don't really have a good answer for you BUT I've really enjoyed following Rod Pedersen's NHL/CFL sports blog for a number of years now and he calls his weekly column to start off the week the Monday Morning Goalie and I kind of liked the sound of that and thought it was catchy. Anyways, nothing really all that earth shattering but it is what it is...

















So here's what's making the rounds around Four on the Floor world headquarters these days:

- Two very important and equally amazing drummers recently passed away: ECM icon Jon Christensen and Boston's Bob Gullotti. Both drummers had very unique and creative styles and both influenced many other drummers.

Here's Nate Chinen's piece on Jon Christensen from WBGO and also a feature on Bob Gullotti.

I didn't really know Gullotti very well but we spoke over the phone extensively about ten years ago and he was a big help with my doctoral dissertation and research into the concept of melodic jazz drumming.

- Here's a couple of great pieces from DRUM! Magazine including Antonio Sanchez on his current cymbal set-up and an older 2017 feature on Jeff Tain Watts entitled "Soul of a Drummer, Mind of a Composer".

- Todd Bishop continues to offer great content over at his fine blog Cruiseship Drummer including a thought provoking article on snare drumming vs. drum set playing and dealing with bad time.

Todd also offers this excellent summary of a clinic he recently attended at Portland State University featuring none other than the great Billy Hart.

Oh yes, while you're at it...make sure to buy one of Todd's wonderful books while you are perusing his fine blog Cruiseship Drummer.

- Thanks to Jim Johnston who shared this wonderful photo essay entitled The Voyage of the Drum: from Africa to the Americas

- Ever wonder how Zildjian makes their cymbals? Dig this:




- Quincy Davis is back with another instalment of his Q-Tip series, this time addressing how to play practical and good sounding drum fills:




- Lewis Nash from a recent masterclass at the Hartt School of Music:




- Leon Parker in a solo feature with bassist Ugonna Okegwo's quartet from a recent hit at New York's Smoke:




- Jason Marsalis from his ongoing solo drum series:




- Colleen Clark and her band perform Glenn Miller's "In the Mood" (check this out!):




- Stanton Moore with the LSU Drumline featuring some groovy drum set/drumline combos:




- VSU's Hans Verhoeven offers some tips on developing a good groove using a metronome:




- Aubrey Dale with some Max Roach solo ideas:




- Those who have seen me play around town know of my occasional use of a Gretsch 16x12 inch bass drum (which used to be a 16x16 floor tom that I purchased from Montreal's Norman Marshall Villeneuve then promptly converted into a bass drum!) The hardworking and insightful folks over at Sounds Like a Drum bring us these tuning strategies for these small wonders:




- Brushmaster Clayton Cameron interviewed by Sean J. Kennedy in his podcast Backstage at the Enharmonic:




- Master drummer Jimmy Cobb interviewed by the Drum Channel (but where's Part Two???):




- What am I listening to these days?

Elvin Jones Trio "Live at the Village Vanguard" - Elvin Jones (drums)

Miles Davis "Miles in the Sky" - Tony Williams (drums)

Mark Anthony Turnage "Fractured Lines" - Peter Erskine (drums), Evelyn Glennie (percussion)

Gerry Gibbs Sextet featuring Ravi Coltrane "The Thrasher" - Gerry Gibbs (drums)

Joe Lovano "Quartets" - Lewis Nash (drums), Billy Hart (drums)


- And today's Final Word(s) go to two esteemed gentlemen including filmmaker David Lynch and renowned drum teacher Michael Carvin:

"Ideas are like fish.

If you want to catch little fish, you can stay in the shallow water. But if you want to catch the big fish, you've got to go deeper.

Down deep, the fish are more powerful and more pure. They're huge and abstract. And they're very beautiful.

I look for a certain kind of fish that is important to me, one that can translate to cinema. But there are all kinds of fish swimming down there. There are fish for business, fish for sports. There are fish for everything.

Everything, anything that is a thing, comes up from the deepest level. Modern physics calls that level the Unified Field. The more your consciousness - your awareness - is expanded, the deeper you go toward this source, and the bigger the fish you can catch."

- from David Lynch's Catching the Big Fish


"Stop listening to what you're playing and pay close attention to what you are doing!"

- Michael Carvin (via George Coleman Jr.)


Okay that's all I've got today. See you next time!






Wednesday, February 19, 2020

Gerry Gibbs!

I was only vaguely aware of drummer/composer Gerry Gibbs until I befriended him on the Facebook but I very quickly became a huge fan. I initially knew that he was the son of the legendary vibraphonist Terry Gibbs but once I was introduced to his eclectic musical world I've been very impressed and inspired by his wide and diverse approach to music. With projects ranging from trios with the likes of Kenny Barron and Ron Carter to big bands and electric tributes to Weather Report, Gerry Gibbs (aka "The Thrasher") covers a lot of imaginative musical terrain.

Fortunately for us, Gibbs has recently created the Gerry Gibbs Drum Channel over at the YouTube which contains a collection of incredible original compositions, all featuring his impressive and creative drumming.

Check these out as their are lots of cool and unique things going on here:











Gerry also has another YouTube channel that contains many great clips of various performances from throughout his career.

Also here's a recent interview with Gibbs from last summer from ArkivJazz in which he talks about his latest recording project Our People and an older 2015 interview from Modern Drummer magazine.






Monday, February 17, 2020

Jeff Williams












And...we're back.

New York's Jeff Williams is an incredible drummer and a formidable composer who's been around and whose extensive resume speaks for itself. He is a really unique drummer who plays and writes like no one else.

Here's a series of interviews with Jeff in which he speaks to some formative experiences from working with the Masters:







And here's a 2019 feature from NPR and then a brief drum solo to finish up today's blog post:




Friday, February 7, 2020

Zildjian: Then & Now


If you are into cymbals (like I am...) then this is the blog post for you! 

Originally founded in Turkey, the Zildjian cymbal company was established in the year 1623. Passed down through generations, Zildjian continues to make amazing cymbals that are played by the world's greatest drummers and percussionists.

The nice people over at the Avedis Zildjian cymbal company (in conjunction with the Memphis Drum Shop) recently released this series of YouTube videos featuring Paul Francis and John Riley.  In these segments they talk about the legacy of cymbal making at Zildjian as well as the background behind their signature cymbal lines (such as their Avedis, A, Kerope and K Constantinople cymbals).

There is a wealth of knowledge and information to be found here. Please take the time to check these out and learn something about the great cymbals that Zildjian is producing these days and some history behind these amazing instruments.











And on a personal related/unrelated note....I recently acquired this somewhat hard to find 20" inch K Constantinople Flat Ride that I am particularly fond of. It took me some hunting around to find it but I'm sure glad that I did as it's a really nice cymbal!